Raphael Longoni M.A.
Dept. 2: History and Social Sciences
Institute of History, Department of Medieval History
work +49 6151 16-57444
- Urban construction in the Middle Ages
- Infrastructure history
- Disaster studies
- Pre-modern environmental history
- Climate history and historical hydrology
Municipal Spatial Policy, Technical Infrastructures and their Criticality in Fribourg (CH) 1350-1550 (working title)
The debate on Critical Infrastructures was initiated by military and engineering circles in the 1960s and gained momentum during the following decades under the influence of social sciences. While systemic relations of socio-technical facilities have predominantly been analysed within the 19th and 20th centuries, established fields of pre-modern history, such as the research of routes, mills or fortifications, have mainly been focusing on technical or artistic aspects. The city of Fribourg (Switzerland) at the brink of Modernity will serve as case study for an urban infrastructure history of the late Middle Ages by testing the applicability and utility of recent systemic concepts, such as transformation, circulation, vulnerability and criticality. The project investigates municipal activity in construction of technical infrastructures within the city walls. Firstly, spatio-temporal developments of fortifications, alleys, squares, water conduits, river works, storage facilities and official buildings are traced. Secondly, spatial configurations of urban order and the city council’s spatial policy are investigated. Thirdly, the significance of such infrastructures with respect to selected critical events, e.g. threat of war, grain scarcity and river floods is assessed. These endeavours will be source-based on the municipal series of financial accounts, collections of laws and protocols of the city council.